Day 125: Covenant with David

2 Samuel 6:1-23 David had the Ark of the Covenant transported to Jerusalem accompanied by dancing, music, and great joy. Its installation would make Jerusalem the religious center of Israel. In this passage the Church Fathers saw a type of the Visitation of Mary to her cousin Elizabeth (TYPOLOGY!!). Mary is called the ARK OF THE NEW COVENANT because she, like the Ark of the Covenant, carried the WORD OF GOD, the very presence of the Lord. David is a type of Elizabeth’s unborn child (TYPOLOGY!!), John the Baptist, who leapt in her womb in recognition of the divine presence. (CCC 129-130, 2580, 2676)

Ch 7:1-17 David desired to build a Temple as a permanent sign of God’s presence among the people of Israel. However, through Nathan the Lord promised David that he would establish a dynasty that would last forever. God would be the father of the King of Israel, and the king would be a “son” of God in the sense of having a special predilection from the Lord-not to be confused with the Sonship of Jesus Christ, who, according to his divinity, is the ONLY-BEGOTTEN Son of God by nature. Selections from this passage from the first reading at Mass on the Solemnity of St. Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary. (CCC 238, 441, 460, 559-560, 709)

Ch 7:18-29 David’s prayer of praise reveals much about his spiritual depth and his virtues as a king who was chosen by God “after his own heart” (1 Sam 13:14). He expressed humility, trust in God’s Word and promises, and submission to God’s will. He prayed for his people and those of his household with a habitual desire to do God’s will. (CCC 215, 2465, 2578-2580)

Psalm 89 The Church prays this psalm at Mass on the Solemnity of Saint Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary-who was the foster father of Christ-because through him the Davidic monarchy would last forever. While David’s line of succession continued for a time, it ceased eventually due to the foreign occupation of the land of Judah and the disintegration of Israel due to its infidelity. Nevertheless, God always kept his covenants no matter how often Israel was unfaithful. After centuries of preparation and expectation, God sent his Son as the Messiah-king to save his people from their sins. Since Joseph was a descendant of David (cf. Mt 1:1-17, 20), Christ belongs rightfully to the house of David. (CCC 437, 559)

I will make him the first-born: Paul wrote of Christ, “He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent” (Col 1:18). John describes the risen Christ as “the first-born of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth” (Rev 1:5). Christ is the “firstborn of the dead” in the sense that he is the first to rise from the dead among the whole human race. Again, Paul wrote that God the Father “predestined all people to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the first-born among the brethren” (Rom 8:29) and even “the first born of all creation” (Col 1:15). These references point to Christ’s filiation to his Father from all eternity and his bestowal of new life on all who accept him by virtue of his redemption. (CCC 709)

(*The Didache Bible RSV-CE Ignatius Edition, 2006)

Key Event 38: Ark Moved to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6)

The Ark of the Covenant is the holiest object in all of Israel.  As David brings the Ark to Jerusalem, he dances before it with joy.  David also acts as a priest--wearing a linen ephod, offering sacrifice, and blessing the people.  Luke will show subtle parallels between the Ark and the Blessed Virgin, the New Ark of the Covenant, as she visits Elizabeth on the outskirts of Jerusalem (Lk 1:39-56).

Key Event 39: Covenant with David (2 Samuel 7:1-29)

When David becomes king, he conquers Jerusalem, making it his capital.  There he intends to build a temple for the Lord.  In response, God makes a covenant with David, promising him an everlasting dynasty, but he reserves the building of the Temple to David's son Solomon.

A Priest According to Melchizedek

The Davidic Covenant

“...The Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. When he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men; but I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me; your throne shall be established forever.” (2 Sam 7:11-16)

(*Walking With God: A Journey Through The Bible by Tim Gray and Jeff Cavins)

Prayer by Fr. Mike: “Father in Heaven we give you praise and glory. We thank you for hearing this Prayer of David, this prayer of a heart that has been lifted up, and a heart that has been thrown down. A heart that has been exultant in joy and a heart that has been broken in sorrow. A heart that has been triumphant in victory, and a heart that has been devastated in defeat. And this is our hearts too, Lord. We come before you however our day is going, however our week is going, however the season of our life is going right now. We come before you in victory and in defeat. We come before you in joy and we come before you in grief. Because your love encompasses all things. Joy and grief. Victory and defeat. Weakness and strength. And so we come before you because you are a good, good Dad. Please receive us into your heart. Receive us into your embrace this day. In Jesus’ name we pray. Amen.”