Exodus 13:1-22 Just as Passover was celebrated as a memorial of the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the Mass is celebrated as a memorial of the NEW PASSOVER, our liberation from slavery to SIN AND DEATH. The Eucharistic Sacrifice, however, is not merely a recollection of Christ’s Passion and Death but a TRUE RE-PRESENTATION of Christ’s redemptive Sacrifice on the Cross offered in a BLOODLESS AND SACRAMENTAL MANNER. (CCC 1334, 1363)
Exodus 13:13 Every first-born...you shall redeem: The presentation of Christ in the Temple was in accordance with this ancient command. This event is celebrated in the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord on February 2, forty days after the Nativity. (CCC 529)
Ch 13:22 God made himself known in many different ways: by means of the burning bush that was not consumed, the pillar of fire, and the cloud. These THEOPHANIES-manifestations of God-reassured the Israelites that God was with them and dwelt among them. (CCC 35, 2084-2085)
Ch 14:4 I will harden Pharaoh’s heart: The sense of this statement is not that God made Pharaoh STUBBORN but he ALLOWED Pharaoh, by his own free will, to become OBSTINATE and ENTRENCHED IN SIN. Anyone who refuses to accept God’s merciful love through repentance becomes more deeply enslaved to sin. (CCC 1864)
Ch 14:15-31 The account of the crossing of the Red Sea and the defeat of the Egyptian army is read at the Mass of the Easter Vigil. It is a definitive moment in salvation history that has been remembered and celebrated every year since the first Passover. This feast marks the beginning of the Jewish calendar year to stress this most important episode in the history of Israel as the Chosen People. The crossing of the Red Sea is a type (TYPOLOGY!!) of our salvation through the waters of BAPTISM. (CCC 117, 128-129, 1094, 1217-1222)
Leviticus 10:4-11 After the death of two of Aaron’s sons due to unspecified transgressions, Moses imposed stricter discipline upon the priests. The prohibition of drinking alcohol suggests that the sin of Aaron’s sons may have been connected with drunkenness. Excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs, or even ordinary food is a sin against the VIRTUE OF TEMPERANCE. (CCC 1809, 1838, 2290)
Psalm 53 Bearing a strong resemblance to Psalm 14, this psalm labels the atheist as a corrupt fool. It follows that disbelief in God results in ignorance and rejection of the reality of objective truth, which rests on the existence of a divine lawgiver.
(*The Didache Bible RSV-CE Ignatius Edition, 2006)