Today is the day where Fr. Mike is going to try to explain why the Book of Tobit is in CATHOLIC BIBLES and why is it NOT IN NON-CATHOLIC BIBLES
Let’s go for it
Let’s give a little explanation right now, because we might as well
In order to address this, we must understand what the Deuterocanonical Books are
DEUTERO = SECOND
NOMOS = LAW OR WORD
So Deuteronomy was the SECOND TIME that Moses was giving the LAW to the people
The first time Moses gave the Law was in EXODUS
Moses recapitulated the LAW at the end of the DESERT WANDERINGS
So it means SECOND LAW
IT DOES NOT MEAN SECONDARY in the sense of LESS PRIVILEGED
It is kind of similar to how Isaiah is called a MAJOR PROPHET and some of the other prophets are MINOR PROPHETS
That does not mean that Isaiah was MORE IMPORTANT than the minor prophets
It was simply a way to distinguish between LARGE WRITINGS aka MAJOR PROPHETS and SHORTER WRITINGS aka MINOR PROPHETS
Same thing with DEUTEROCANONICAL BOOKS
They don’t mean SECONDARY in terms of WORTH
They mean SECOND in terms of WHEN DID THEY GET ESTABLISHED
So what are the DEUTEROCANONICAL BOOKS?
There are SEVEN of them!!
ECCLESIASTICUS also known as SIRACH
1 and 2 MACCABEES
And also there are certain ADDITIONS to ESTHER and DANIEL
We are going through ALL OF THOSE in Bible in a Year
So WHY are they in some Bibles and not in others?
In the CATHOLIC BIBLES there are 73 books
In NON-CATHOLIC BIBLES there are 66 books
It’s important to understand that at THE TIME OF JESUS, there was NO ESTABLISHED CANON
THERE WAS NO CLEARLY ESTABLISHED LIST OF SCRIPTURES
THERE WAS NO LIST OF CLEARLY ESTABLISHED BOOKS THAT BELONG TO THE WRITINGS THAT ARE INSPIRED BY GOD HIMSELF
THERE WERE DISAGREEMENTS
In the time of Jesus, there were a number of different lists that were considered to be INSPIRED
So there was NO OFFICIAL LIST that Jesus had given or that God had given before the ERA OF THE CHURCH, before the AGE OF THE CHURCH
So the EARLIEST LISTING we have in the CHRISTIAN AGE is in the MIDDLE OF THE SECOND CENTURY
KEEP THIS IN MIND
Go back to the Jewish People
There was NO ABSOLUTE LIST OF ALL THE INSPIRED BOOKS
They would not have called the Hebrew Scriptures the OLD TESTAMENT
THAT IS GOING TO BE VERY VERY IMPORTANT
God had not previously given and EXHAUSTIVE and DEFINITIVE list of what books were in the HEBREW SCRIPTURES
Why is that important?
It is important because when Jesus establishes the NEW AND ETERNAL COVENANT
When Jesus establishes HIS CHURCH
Matthew Ch 16 Jesus says, “You are ROCK and upon this ROCK I will build my CHURCH and the gates of Hell will not prevail against it…”
When Jesus establishes HIS CHURCH, the Church has FULFILLED the ROLE of the People of Israel, the Jewish People
The Jewish People were in COVENANT WITH THE LORD IN THE OLD COVENANT
In the FULFILLMENT of the OLD COVENANT in JESUS…
The Hebrew Scriptures are NOT IRRELEVANT
THE AUTHORITY HAS BEEN TRANSFERRED
FROM THE RABBIS
FROM WHATEVER LEVITES THAT STILL EXISTED
FROM WHATEVER TEMPLE WORSHIP THAT STILL EXISTED
ALL THIS HAS BEEN TRANSFERRED TO THE AGE OF THE CHURCH
JESUS ESTABLISHED HIS ACTUAL CHURCH
In the EARLY CHURCH, what books were they reading?
IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND THAT AT ONE POINT, when ALEXANDER THE GREAT conquered the known world, he had people translate all the great readings of all the peoples that he conquered INTO GREEK
HE ALSO DID THIS WITH THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES
The GREEK translation of the HEBREW Scriptures is known as the SEPTUAGINT
Why is it called this?
The legend was that Alexander had 70 different translators
Those 70 translators took the HEBREW VERSIONS OF THE SCRIPTURES aka the OLD TESTAMENT
They went into their huts/caves/wherever they translated
These 70 TRANSLATORS TRANSLATED all the Old Testament separately in their rooms and ALL 70 TRANSLATIONS WERE EXACTLY WORD FOR WORD, LETTER FOR LETTER!!! (ARE YOU NOT ENTERTAINED?! ARE YOU NOT ENTERTAINED?! 🤯🤯🤯)
So the SEPTUAGINT has its name because of the 70 TRANSLATORS
The Septuagint was the Bible, the OLD TESTAMENT Scriptures that were used at the time of Jesus PREDOMINANTLY
So 60-70% of the time, or ⅔ of the time the New Testament authors are quoting the Old Testament authors, they are QUOTING FROM THE GREEK SEPTUAGINT
Here is why THIS IS IMPORTANT
The SEVEN BOOKS mentioned above are INCLUDED IN THE GREEK SEPTUAGINT
THIS IS VERY VERY IMPORTANT
When The Church gave us the FIRST OFFICIAL LIST of the Books in the Bible, that was not until the YEAR 350 AD
That was the FIRST TIME the Church actually said, in an OFFICIAL WAY, “These are the books of the Old Testament and these are the books of the New Testament.”
This happened at the COUNCIL OF ROME in 350 AD
This happened because PEOPLE WERE CHALLENGING
Here is the thing...
Whenever someone CHALLENGES something, the Church has to respond by saying, “Here is the DEFINITION of this thing”
For example, in the year 325 AD, there was something called the COUNCIL OF NICEA that ESTABLISHED CLEARLY that Jesus is FULLY GOD and FULLY MAN in ONE DIVINE PERSON!!
Why did the Church have to ESTABLISH this and CLARIFY this?
Because people were saying, “Jesus is not really human” or “Jesus is not really God”
So in response to these challenges at the COUNCIL OF NICEA in 325 AD, the Church had to respond, “Oh no no no. Here is Jesus, FULLY GOD and FULLY MAN in ONE DIVINE PERSON.”
Later on in 381 AD in the COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE the challenge people made was, “Is the Holy Spirit equally God?”
So the Church had to respond to THAT
So in 350 AD, in response to the question, “What are the books of the actual Bible, the Canon of the Bible?”
The COUNCIL OF ROME in 350 AD had established THE 73 BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS TOGETHER
This was reiterated in the COUNCIL OF CARTHAGE in 398 AD
For the next 1200 YEARS, EVERY CHRISTIAN believed that these 73 books were part of the Old Testament and New Testament
They were INSPIRED BY GOD
INCLUDING THESE SEVEN BOOKS
INCLUDING THESE EXTRA PARTS OF ESTHER AND DANIEL
THOSE EXTRA PARTS WERE NOT EXTRA!!
THEY WERE PART OF THE BIBLE!!
Until Martin Luther came along
He had some DOCTRINAL DIFFERENCES
The doctrinal difference he had was about the DOCTRINE OF PURGATORY
Martin Luther DID NOT BELIEVE IN PRAYING FOR THE DEAD
Martin Luther DID NOT BELIEVE IN PURGATORY
Martin Luther had a debate with Cardinal Cajetan
In the midst of this debate, Martin Luther said he didn’t believe in PURGATORY or PRAYING FOR THE DEAD
Cardinal Cajetan said, “What about 2 Maccabees Ch 12? It talks about PRAYING FOR THE DEAD!”
Martin Luther said, “I don’t accept 2 Maccabees Ch 12 because I don’t accept 2 Maccabees. And I don’t accept those other seven books.”
AND WITH THAT, Martin Luther had ORDERED the REMOVAL of those SEVEN BOOKS from the CHRISTIAN BIBLE!!
THIS IS THE KEY
In the 1500s, Martin Luther REMOVED those seven books that had been ACCEPTED BY EVERY CHRISTIAN
The Orthodox and Catholic TRADITIONS go back ALL THE WAY TO THE APOSTLES!!
BOTH ORTHODOX AND CATHOLICS ACCEPT ALL 73 BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT!!
It wasn’t until the 1500s until Martin Luther came along and said, “I reject these seven books that EVERY CHRISTIAN UP TO THIS POINT HAS ACCEPTED.”
So the reason why, maybe you have listened to this Bible in a Year and you are not Catholic, THEN YOU HAVE BEEN DENIED THIS
THESE SEVEN BOOKS ARE PHENOMENAL!!
THESE SEVEN BOOKS ARE INCREDIBLE!!
Not only are these INCREDIBLE STORIES
Think about the Book of Tobit
Think about the WISDOM that Tobit is giving to his son, Tobias in Tobit Ch 4 that is SO WISE and SO GOOD
When we get to Sirach, it will BLOW YOUR MIND
The Book of Wisdom will KNOCK YOUR SOCKS OFF
IT IS A GIFT!!
So many of our brothers and sisters who aren’t Catholic or Orthodox HAVE BEEN DENIED THIS GIFT FOR THEIR ENTIRE LIVES
THEIR PARENTS HAVE BEEN DENIED THIS GIFT FOR THEIR ENTIRE LIVES
Imagine realizing you have SEVEN SIBLINGS YOU HAD NO IDEA ABOUT
You have SEVEN PEOPLE in your life who are SUPPOSED TO BE IN YOUR LIFE and for YOUR ENTIRE LIFE, you are JUST FINDING OUT ABOUT THEM NOW!!
Unfortunately that is what happened when Martin Luther REMOVED THEM from the Canon of Scripture
THANKFULLY, in Bible in a Year, you will be EXPOSED AND INTRODUCED TO THESE SEVEN BOOKS
We will call them our SEVEN SIBLINGS
We will call them our SEVEN FRIENDS
IT IS GOING TO BLESS YOUR LIFE
The Septuagint, the Greek Translation, is the one JESUS USED
The Septuagint, the Greek Translation, is the one THE APOSTLES USED
The Septuagint, the Greek Translation, is the one THE EARLY CHURCH USED
With all those SEVEN BOOKS, those are the translations and the versions that the EARLY CHURCH USED
Now, you get to be in company not just with the last 500 years of Christianity
You get to be in company with THE FIRST 1500 YEARS OF CHRISTIANITY
You get to be in company with the GREAT HOLY MEN AND WOMEN WHO WALKED WITH JESUS
THE HOLY MEN AND WOMEN WHO WERE TAUGHT BY THOSE WHO WALKED WITH JESUS AND ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH IN THE WORLD!!
Fr. Mike can’t wait for you to experience not only the 66 books you have ALREADY experienced, but THESE SEVEN STRANGERS THAT WILL BECOME YOUR VERY VERY GOOD FRIENDS
YOUR DEAR BROTHERS AND SISTERS
FR. MIKE GUARANTEES IT
PRAY FOR FR. MIKE
PRAY FOR EACH OTHER