Abram is now Abraham and Sarai is now Sarah, they were always walking with God but not yet in covenant with Him.
Their names changed once they were brought into covenant with God.
The sign of the covenant was circumcision. Why? We don’t know exactly
It could be because in so many ways we want to control our lives.
In so many ways, God wants to bless our lives and He has dominion.
Sarai and Hagar tried to take control of God’s promise that Abram and Sarai would have a child; Sarai DID NOT TRUST GOD.
When we take measures into our own hands, NOTHING good comes of it.
Sarai tells Abram to go into Hagar in order that she could be a mother.
Then when he does that, she gets angry with him for doing what she told him to do.
Hagar gives birth to Ishmael (Hebrew: God has heard)
The sign of circumcision in so many ways is a step of surrender, a step of saying, “Ok, Lord I am no longer in control.”
Circumcision was widely practiced in the ancient world, usually as an initiation rite for males at PUBERTY. By shifting the time of circumcision to the 8th day after birth, it is now a sign of the eternal covenant between God and the descendants of Abraham (*NABRE 3rd ed Catholic Study Bible)
Abraham’s tribe is now under dominion of God.
That’s one of the invitations God has for us, to place ourselves under His dominion, even when we don’t know or understand what He is doing.
Who was the Angel of the Lord who spoke to Hagar?
The episode is remarkable for a number of reasons. First, the angel of the Lord, who could be interpreted as a pre-Incarnate Jesus Christ, begins in the same way that many other encounters do in the Old Testament, going all the way back to when Adam and Eve were hiding from God in the garden. He begins with a question—not in order to learn why she is there, because surely the angel already knew this. Instead, He endeavors to begin a dialogue with her, to relate to her on a personal level.
Second, the angel’s arrival does not address any pressing material need. We are familiar with the archetype of the forlorn wander in the desert, dying of starvation and thirst. But that’s not what happens here. When the angel finds her, Hagar is already near a spring (verse 7).
Third, the angel delivers a perplexing command: he tells her to return to her oppressor, Sarah. The angel’s directive can better be understood when understood in the broader context of the Old Testament, in which a period of enslavement is then followed by liberation. Moreover, in context, Hagar’s submission is also tied to the future prosperity of her descendants.
But there could be one more reason why Hagar is asked to return. In encountering God through the angel she has experienced a kind of liberation that is internal and spiritual, such that external enslavement can no longer rob her of her interior peace. Having met God, she is now ready to endure the trial of material slavery.
The ending of the account seems to support this conclusion. It is there that we get our big surprise: Hagar names God.
Job…..Eliphaz tells Job that God only punishes when we do something wrong so he asks him to admit and repent
Job does not know what he did wrong and if he did he would ask forgiveness
So often, we are not known even by the ones who love us the most.
Sometimes, the people who love us the most understand us the least and that is what’s happening with Job and his friends.
He doesn’t want their answers, he wants them to share his grief.
Prayer by Fr. Mike: "Lord God, you are good and we know that you love us. We know that we can trust you. We know that you reveal your heart to us in your Word. We thank you for revealing your heart to us. Thank you for your Word. We ask that you please, in the midst of confusion, Lord, we ask that you give us your Truth. In the midst of suffering, we sometimes don’t want answers as much as we want you, Lord God. So please just give us yourself. Give us your peace. To all those who are suffering in this moment and also to all those who are suffering as they hear these words, your words proclaimed, Lord God I ask that you please give them a confidence in you, give them a trust in you, give them a faith in you, that above all things you are faithful. Your love is unstoppable and your love is sufficient. You are good and we praise you in Jesus’ name. Amen."